Microdermabrasion involves a stream of fine micro particles being blasted across the face by a kind of skin vacuum cleaner to help improve the texture and appearance of the skin. The powder used varies between different machines and can include crystals of aluminium salts, sodium bicarbonate, or even sodium chloride (table salt) crystals.
Movement of these crystals under pressure loosens and partially removes the outermost epidermal layer of the skin in a kind of sandpapering effect. Alternatively some systems use “diamond microdermabrasion” where the treatment tip contains tiny diamonds that abrade the skin. Once the outer layer of skin has been removed, the layers of skin beneath increase their production of new skin cells to renew the surface layer. It is a mild treatment causing minimal damage to the surface of the skin and therefore results are subtle and include a freshening in the appearance and improvement in the texture of the skin, and a reduction in the appearance of fine lines or wrinkles.
The treatment is usually painless and doesn't irritate the skin greatly.
A video demonstration of a Microdermabrasion treatment, demonstrating the equiptment used and the process undertaken.
Demonstration of medical microdermabrasion and a stronger micordermabrasion treatment